Gavin K. Watt is the author of eleven books about loyalist military history, including Burning of the Valleys and Rebellion in the Mohawk Valley. He lives in King City, Ontario.
I am heartily ashamed
The second installment in Gavin K. Wattâ€™s Revolutionary War series, I am heartily ashamed picks up where A dirty, trifling piece of business leaves off. Itâ€™s a new year with new challenges.
An incredibly fierce Canadian winter was endured before raiding was resumed against the enemyâ€™s frontiers. The rebelsâ€™ Mohawk region defence soon fell into disarray when two colonels jousted for control.
Continued negotiations encouraged Vermont to not support the rebellion and the republic became a haven for loyalists escaping persecution. Vermontâ€™s adherents even felt free to militarily challenge New York.
After the poor results of Rossâ€™s October raid, Haldimand chose to alter his strategy. For years, his native allies had sent small war parties against the frontiers and, that summer, he gave command of large projects to First Nations leaders whose methods greatly challenged the rebels.
A new British ministry announced a cessation of arms in July, soon followed by peace talks. Despite the ceasefire, Washington ordered an attack on the new British post at Oswego, which failed miserably.
When Haldimand discovered that the treatyâ€™s articles threatened the security of Canada and made no provisions for the natives or loyalists, he confessed, "My soul is completely bowed down with grief I am heartily ashamed."